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Concussions and Brain Injuries

What are concussions? Concussions are injuries to the brain that result in the temporary loss of normal brain function. These brain injuries can usually be caused as a result of a blow to the head and may result in loss of consciousness but this is not necessary. More often than not, there are no external signs of head trauma. Concussions are not something to be taken lightly as they can cause extreme damage to the brain to the point where one may never be able to recover from. Let us break down what exactly happens to an individual when they suffer from a concussion. How are they caused? Concussions are one of the most easily acquired injuries, whether it be from sports, car accidents or just a regular fall, they are injuries that affect the mass population. The skull may protect the brain against penetrating trauma, however, it does not absorb all the impact of a violent force. The brain is cushioned by the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid, however, an abrupt blow to the head or a sudden deceleration can cause the brain to come in contact with the inner side of the skull. This can result in the bruising of...
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Gamer’s Thumb

What is Gamer’s Thumb? Medically known as De Quervain’s tenosynovitis, gamer’s thumb is the inflammation of tendons in the wrist and lower thumb which can cause increased levels of pain. Quervain’s Tenosynovitis is acquired through the rapid, repeated use of thumbs for extensive periods of time and is most prominently acquired through the action of using a video game controller for excessive periods of time, however, there are also many other ways to obtain the injury. Let us break down what happens when an individual is diagnosed with gamer's thumb. How exactly does it happen? Gamer’s thumb occurs when the inflamed tendons in the wrist and lower thumb rub against a narrow tunnel in the hand, which causes pain to the thumb and lower arm. This can result in limited movement of the thumb that results in pain and a popping feeling when attempting to move the thumb. There are many different ways to obtain De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis that has nothing to do with gaming at all. Some other common causes include: Direct thumb injury Gardening or racket sports Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions General overuse (constant smartphone use) Repetitive workplace tasks In addition, certain individuals are more prone...
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Shin Splints

What are shin splints? Shin splints are caused by the repetitive strain in the connective muscle tissue surrounding the tibia, resulting in pain along the inner edge of the shin with a potential risk of micro-fractures along the shin as well. Often developed from excessive physical activity, shin splints come with extreme pain along the length of the shin limiting almost all lower body exercise. Let us break down what exactly happens when an individual is diagnosed with shin splints. How are they caused? Shin splints are defined as the inflammation of the muscles, tendons, and bone around the tibia. When the muscles begin to swell, pressure increases against the bone which can lead to pain. This inflammation is typically present due to the overworking of the muscle and periosteum in the leg from repetitive activity. In addition, shin splints can be caused from sudden changes in physical activity including: Frequency Intensity Surface of activity (variation of hard and soft surfaces) Some other factors include: Exercising with improper footwear Flat feet or abnormally high arches Weak ankles, hips, or core muscles If the body is not given enough time to rest, micro fractures can occur along the tibia, eventually leading...
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Poor Posture

What is poor posture? Poor posture results from the imbalance of certain muscles where some muscles tighten up or shorten while others lengthen and become weak. This can be the outcome of daily activities. The prolonged buildup of bad posture can have a very negative affect on the body and can lead to even more substantial injuries with time. Let us break down exactly what happens when an individual is diagnosed with poor posture. How does it happen? Posture is defined as a dynamic pattern of reflexes, habits, and adaptive responses to anything that resists one from being in standard anatomical position. Postural dysfunction or “poor posture” is when the spine is positioned in an unnatural position which results in the joints, muscles and vertebrae being put in stressful positions, thus putting substantial amounts of pressure on tissues. This pressure can build-up and cause pain in the lower back as well as neck, shoulder, and arm. Poor posture can be identified not only through symptoms of pain, but also through visible symptoms as well. Poor posture can be acquired through many different ways which is why it is so important to ensure that proper posture is kept. Some ways to...
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Slap Tear

What is a Slap Tear? Slap tears are injuries to the glenoid labrum, which is an area containing a ring of cartilage surrounding the socket of the shoulder joint. Slap is an acronym for “superior labral tear from anterior to posterior. Slap tears can be caused by acute trauma or by constant repetitive shoulder motion. Let's break down exactly what happens when slap tears occur. How are they caused? The shoulder is a ball-socket joint which consists of the humerus, the scapula and the clavicle. These humerus and scapula are connected through a socket known as the glenoid which consists of a fibrous layer of tissue known as the labrum. The labrum serves as an attachment point for many other things in the body including ligaments from the shoulder as well as a tendon from the bicep muscle. As mentioned, slap tears are injuries to the glenoid labrum where the superior part of the labrum is injured. This injury affects both the anterior and posterior part of the attachment of the bicep tendon, which can result in additional injury Some ways which the injury can occur include: Motor vehicle accidents Falls on outstretched arms Forceful pulling on the arm Forceful...
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Whiplash

What is whiplash? Whiplash is an injury caused by a severe jerk or jolt to the head. It is a term commonly used when referring to car accidents but can be caused by many different activities such as roller coasters, horseback riding, bungee jumping, etc. Let's break down exactly what happens when whiplash occurs. How is it caused? As mentioned whiplash occurs when an impact or movement causes the neck and head to be forced into a hyperextended position causing the head to fall backwards while shortly after being put into a hyper-flexed position as the head and neck try to recover. This sudden motion can cause the neck’s tendons and ligaments to stretch and tear, resulting in whiplash. Some activities that can cause whiplash include: Car accidents Contact sports Falls Blows to the head with a heavy object Horseback riding Roller coasters Whiplash can be organized into 5 different categories which determine the seriousness of the injury. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) is the term given for the collection of symptoms affecting the neck that are triggered by an accident with an acceleration-deceleration mechanism. The different categories include: Grade 0: No complaints, no physical signs of injury Grade I: Neck complaint...
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Plantar Fasciitis

What is Plantar Fasciitis Often regarded as the most common source of heel pain, plantar fasciitis occurs when the ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes, known as the plantar fascia, gets strained causing it to get weak, swollen, and irritated, thus leading to pain in the heel. Most commonly found in middle-aged people, plantar fasciitis is also seen present in younger individuals who are constantly on their feet such as athletes, or soldiers. How is it caused? As mentioned, symptoms arise when the plantar fascia ligament becomes strained. When this occurs, the arch becomes weak and unstable which can ultimately cause tiny tears in the ligament. This can lead to pain and swelling around the whole foot but is mainly seen in the heel. Some predisposed risk factors include: Excessive pronation (feet rolling inward when you walk) High arches or flat feet Walk, stand, or run for excessive periods of time (especially on hard surfaces) Being overweight Wearing shoes that don’t fit or are worn out Tight Achilles tendon or calf muscles Signs and symptoms Some signs and symptoms for Plantar Fasciitis include: Stiffness in heel, and sole of foot Pain in bottom of the foot near...
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Chronic Pain

What is chronic pain?
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Sonia Singla

Sonia has both her Bachelors and Masters in Physical Therapy along with many certifications in manual therapy and vestibular rehab. She has a special interest in geriatrics and orthopedics physiotherapy, and is has trained extensively in vestibular rehab. Sonia's broad range of experience includes sports injuries, orthopedics, arthritis, osteoporosis, pre/post surgical rehabilitation, injuries sustained in motor vehicle accidents, work -site related injuries and geriatric rehabilitation. In her spare time, Sonia enjoys staying active by running, hiking and travelling.
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December 18, 2020

Concussions and Brain Injuries

What are concussions? Concussions are injuries to the brain that result in the temporary loss of normal brain function. These brain injuries can usually be caused […]
December 18, 2020

Gamer’s Thumb

What is Gamer’s Thumb? Medically known as De Quervain’s tenosynovitis, gamer’s thumb is the inflammation of tendons in the wrist and lower thumb which can cause […]
December 18, 2020

Shin Splints

What are shin splints? Shin splints are caused by the repetitive strain in the connective muscle tissue surrounding the tibia, resulting in pain along the inner […]
December 18, 2020

Poor Posture

What is poor posture? Poor posture results from the imbalance of certain muscles where some muscles tighten up or shorten while others lengthen and become weak. […]